Healthy Monday: Moderate Consumption of Dark or Milk Chocolate Linked to Lower Heart Disease & Stroke Risk!
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Eating a moderate amount of chocolate on a daily basis has been linked to a lowered risk of heart disease and stroke according to British researchers.
A new study by British researchers has revealed that eating either milk chocolate or dark chocolate regularly may lower your risk of heart disease and stroke. Most previous research has shown benefits only from dark chocolate, but this latest study included any type of chocolate. The findings of the research published in the British Medical Journal’s “Heart” magazine, were based on data from the EPIC-Norfolk study that is tracking the impact of diet on the long-term health of 25,000 men and women in Norfolk according to BBC, UK. The conclusion was that in comparison to those who ate no chocolate, those who ate up to a small bar a day had an 11% lesser risk of cardiovascular disease and a 23% reduced risk of stroke.The researchers warned this did not prove chocolate makes you healthier.
And most people in the study ate milk chocolate, generally considered less healthy than dark chocolate because it contains more sugar and fat, the researchers noted.
“People who want to eat chocolate should not be worried too much about their cardiovascular health,” said study co-author Dr. Phyo Myint, chair of medicine of old age at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. “We did not find any harmful effects of chocolate, if they want to enjoy chocolate now and again. The key is moderation.”
Although the study uncovered a link between chocolate and heart health, it didn’t prove cause-and-effect. Participants were monitored for nearly 12 years, on average, during which time 14 percent of them fell ill with either heart disease or stroke.
The researchers found that people who ate the most chocolate a day – up to 3.5 ounces – had a 14 percent lower risk of heart disease and a 23 percent lower risk of stroke than those who ate no chocolate.
The researchers then combined the data in with nine other studies that measured chocolate consumption and heart disease. The combined pool involved nearly 158,000 people.
This analysis produced even stronger results. People who ate the most chocolate had a 29 percent reduced risk of heart disease and a 21 percent reduced risk of stroke, compared with those who ate the least. They also were 45 percent less likely to die from heart disease, heart attack or stroke.
Myint warned that the studies only looked at middle-aged and older people, not young adults or children.
“We don’t know how this would affect children,” he said.
These findings add to mounting evidence that chocolate appears to be heart-healthy, said Dr. Mark Urman, a preventive cardiologist at Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute in Los Angeles.
“But we still don’t know for sure what specific part of chocolate, or parts of what’s in chocolate, may be creating a benefit for heart health,” Urman said.
Chocolate contains large quantities of flavonoids, which are organic compounds thought to have anti-inflammatory properties, Urman and Myint said. But other ingredients in chocolate bars may also be good for your health, including milk and nuts, Myint said. In addition, chocolate contains certain fatty acids that might help heart health, Urman said.
Since the findings also relied on people’s own reports of their eating habits, there is a possibility of some inaccuracies being reported, Myint said.
Finally, Urman said that people should not rely on eating chocolate as a means to lower their risk of heart disease or stroke.
“It’s important to have it be part of an overall balanced, heart-healthy diet,” he said.
“There’s ultimately no one magic bullet out there that’s going to cure everything or prevent anything. It’s an odds game, and the more you put in your favor, the better your odds are.”
Have a Healthy week!